6 Manufacturing Insights from Q4 2022 and What They Mean for You
November 8, 2022
As the US heads into an economic slowdown, overall manufacturing conditions are weakening as ISM indices are showing a reduction in new orders and backlogs. However, a slowdown in the economy has relieved many of the inflationary pressures that manufacturers have been experiencing as input prices have dropped considerably from their three-year highs. Further, truckload spot rates have also declined, with contractual rates expected to follow suit in the coming months. The manufacturing labor market is improving as wage growth appears to have peaked, quit rates are reversing and the demand for manufacturing jobs is rising.
1. ISM measures are weakening
Manufacturing conditions continue to weaken with the ISM Manufacturing Index steadily decreasing. More specifically, new orders have contracted, and backlogs are approaching contraction.
What this means for you: Expect lower demand to continue into the near-term as the economy begins to slow down. To better manage inventory, consider moderating production to meet the constraints of diminishing new orders and backlogs.
2. Input costs continue to decline
Input prices continue to trend lower as the Federal Reserve’s (Fed) Quantitative Tightening (QT) policies curb inflationary pressures. Cement and plastic prices remain elevated, yet these indices tend to lag, so expect them to decline in the future.
What this means for you: Lower input prices will provide relief from the inflationary pressures that manufacturers have experienced through higher costs of goods sold. Yet, the reversal of these input prices also reflects weakening demand, so anticipate a further slowdown in new orders in the near-term.
3. Labor conditions improve as the number of quits decreases
In the post-pandemic world, quit rates in the Manufacturing & Distribution sector have been historically high as wage inflation had low-skilled laborers gravitating towards higher paying jobs within any sector. More recently, the number of quits has diminished as a slowdown in the economy may be shifting employees’ mindsets toward job security, and less on higher wages.
What this means for you: Although the demand for labor appears to be less competitive and the power is shifting more into the hand of the employer rather than the employee, the overall number of quits remains historically elevated. Continue to offer appealing benefits packages for new and existing employees to deliver a better customer experience to protect revenue as the economy slows, while implementing more variable compensation opportunities.
4. Warehouse and factory jobs are rising in demand
According to data from Google Search Trends, demand for “warehouse jobs” and “factory jobs” continues to climb. With lower-skilled workers searching for the highest pay regardless of industry, it appears, from this data, that the manufacturing sector may be relatively well-positioned to attract talent.
What this means for you: If quit rates continue to decrease and demand for manufacturing jobs continues to increase, look to potentially reduce overhead costs with more balanced compensation packages. Shifting from a cycle of quantitative easing induced economic growth to a quantitative tightening induced slowdown should provide better leverage to negotiate fairer wages and reduce overhead costs.
5. Wages for manufacturing jobs may have reached a peak
Manufacturing and low-skilled wage growth continues to climb to historic highs while national wage growth appears to have potentially reached a peak.
What this means for you: As the Fed continues to raise rates to stifle inflation, expect wage pressures to slow.
6. Truckload Spot Rates indicate Contractual Rates may need to decline
Truckload spot rates have reverted to normal levels after climbing considerably in a post-COVID, high-inflation environment. While contractual truckload rates remain elevated, they do tend to lag the spot market and may trend lower to reflect the current market reality.
What this means for you: The slowdown of the economy has also hit the logistics market with truckload rates declining. Discuss lower contractual rates with your logistics provider to reduce shipping costs as we head into a period of weaker demand.
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About the Author
Chief Investment Officer At Aprio Wealth Management At Aprio Simeon is the Chief Investment Officer of Aprio Wealth Management and the Director of Aprio Family Office. Simeon brings two decades of professional investing experience in publicly traded and privately held companies, as well as senior-level operating and strategy consulting experiences.