The Pulse – What’s happening in the Economy and the Capital Markets: 1/4/21 – 1/8/21|
Reading Time: 4 minutes
Economic activity continues to generally improve with the exception of industries directly impacted by COVID-19-driven shutdowns. The jobs report was mixed and the Industrial/Manufacturing economy continues to exceed expectations. The markets started the year with a mini sell-off before reacting strongly to election and economic news later in the week.
Though the markets started the year with a sell-off, they rallied overall in the first week. The two drivers of the rebound in the U.S. were the Georgia runoff election results and the weaker than expected employment results. As noted in previous reports, the markets can move in a different direction than the economy in the short run.
The markets interpreted the Georgia runoff results, and resulting unified Democratic government, to mean more stimulus and fiscal spending, including infrastructure, which should broadly benefit the economy. This outlook greatly benefits smaller public companies (as seen in the Russell 2000 index’s superior performance) and the price of oil.
- The strongest performing sectors were economically sensitive – energy, materials, financials.
- The weakest performing sectors were those with most stable revenue – real estate, utilities, consumer staples.
The IPO market continues to remain hot for large, private technology companies.
- Youth-oriented video game company Roblox is expected to soon go public after announcing a late-stage financing round of $520 million this past week.
- Fintech stalwart SoFi announced plans to go public by merging with a publicly-traded acquisition company that values SoFi at $8.65 billion.
The Economic News
The industrial economy continues marching forward while rising COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations forcing restrictions on consumer activity are reflected in the numbers. The job environment is a tale of two cities –sectors of the economy directly impacted by COVID-19 (e.g. restaurants, hospitality) are weakened while for most others the job situation is improving.
The Dallas Fed Mobility Index shows Consumer activity generally trending down.
- This relates to higher COVID-19 cases alongside winter weather.
- Winners will be businesses that support remote/work from home models such as online shopping and restaurants/grocers well-equipped for delivery.
- Restaurant dining and local retailers will struggle.
Source: Dallas Fed
Weekly Initial (Unemployment) Claims and Continuing Claims were better than expected. They continue to slowly decline, however remain well above prior record levels, nine months after their initial spike.
The Unemployment Report was mixed.
- The U.S. lost 140,000 jobs in December compared to expectations of a 50,000 gain – a significant disappointment.
- This was the first decline since April.
- Leisure & Hospitality jobs, including restaurants, declined 498,000, a result of the changing behaviors due to rising COVID-19 cases.
- Retail, professional and business services, construction and manufacturing posted job gains, indicating much of the economy continues its gradual return to health.
- The Unemployment Rate was 6.7%, flat with last month.
- The Underemployment Rate, which includes temp labor, improved 0.3% to 11.7%.
Focus of the Week – Manufacturing
Several pieces of economic data point to continued improvements in manufacturing.
U.S. Manufacturing PMI was 57.1, better than expectations and an increase from November.
- New Orders increased compared to November.
- Prices paid jumped well above expectations and about 20% above November.
December Auto Sales were 16.3m, above expectations and November.
Manufacturing Jobs (in employment report) saw a gain of 38,000, better than expectations and November.
A Few Stories that Caught My Eye
- Car Market Shifts Gears to Keep Up with Consumers
- Tesla Speeds Past Facebook
- Air Fares Drop to Get Passengers Up
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